The mining operations plan (MOP) is a tool used by the NSW Resources Regulator to monitor the progress of mining and rehabilitation activities across the life of a mine. It fulfils the function of both a rehabilitation plan and a mine closure plan. It should document the long-term mine closure principles and outcomes whilst outlining the proposed progressive rehabilitation activities during the MOP term.

A MOP also forms the basis for the estimation of the security deposit imposed to ensure compliance with the conditions of the mining lease granted pursuant to the Mining Act 1992.

It is a requirement of the conditions of mining leases for a mine to prepare and implement a MOP. MOPs are required to be prepared in accordance with ESG3: Mining operations plan (MOP) guidelines PDF, 7069.67 KB. This guideline details the process for monitoring and managing progression towards successful rehabilitation outcomes

The guideline requires industry to identify and provide measurable data and demonstrate that proposed rehabilitation outcomes are achievable and realistic within a given timeframe. The requirement for targeted information enables the Regulator to regulate rehabilitation and environmental performance and more accurately determine rehabilitation security liabilities.